Martin Luther never escaped the anti-Semitism of his Roman Catholic past, in spite of opposing that Church. In his later life, he advocated burning down the Jews' homes and giving them the choice between converting or having their tongues torn out. [Will Durant, "The Story of Civilization," vol. IV, The Reformation (Simon & Schuster, 1950), 727]. Luther's anger against the Jews was inexcusable, even though it grew out of deep-seated frustration that they would not respond to the gospel he had embraced.