Before he became Pope Pius XII, Cardinal Eugenio Pacelli (at that time Papal Nuncio to Germany) had given Vatican money to Hitler to help fund the Nazi Party. The 1933 Vatican Concordat that Pacelli negotiated with Hitler gave the Nazis a certain legitimacy and, in Hitler’s words, was a greater help in the “struggle against international Jews.” Upon becoming pope, Pacelli sent a condescending message to the Führer assuring him of the Vatican’s good will….Shouldn’t the “Vicar of Christ” have more discernment than that? This was 1939, and Hitler’s abuse of and intentions for the Jews had been fully exposed to the world. In January of that year Hitler had warned that the outbreak of war would result “in the extermination of the Jewish race.” The pope very well knew from cardinals, bishops, and priests in Germany exactly what Hitler was doing to the Jews and that he intended to exterminate them. That Pius XII would, in spite of such knowledge, direct such flattery to Hitler is therefore all the more damning.