As one would expect, the belief in Gaia is very appealing to feminists and even to those among them who call themselves Christians. A growing movement within the Christian church resulted from the “Re-Imagining God, the Community and the Church” conference held November 4-7, 1993, in Minneapolis, Minnesota. One of the plenary speakers was Chung Kyun Kyung, a South Korean Presbyterian. In her plenary address to this Christian gathering, Chung declared:
“I want to share three images of God so striking in Asia and how these images of God transformed my Christianity and my theological understanding of God. The three goddesses I want to share with you are Kali, Quani, and Enna. These three are my new Trinity…I claim Kali as the goddess of justice…. Kali is usually located in India and Sri Lanka, a Hindu image. Quani is Buddhist image of god…. Enna means mother and Enna means earth. It is the indigenous goddess of the Philippines…. The Christian church has been very patriarchal. That is why we are here together, in order to destroy the patriarchal idolatry of Christianity….”
Instead of being excommunicated from her church and shunned by the Christian community for her blatant blasphemy, Chung is highly honored. Eighteen months before the Minneapolis conference, she had also given a plenary address at the Seventh World Council of Church (WCC) international conference, February 7-20, 1992, in Canberra, Australia. One trembles to repeat her angry, hateful words against the God of the Bible and her wicked perversion of Christianity and the Holy Spirit. Yet the WCC delegates gave Chung a standing ovation. Ecumenical Press Service reported:
“Combining verbal fireworks with a performance by Korean and aboriginal dancers, Chung rendered a dramatic evocation of a female Holy Spirit. She linked that spirit to that of Hagar, the Egyptian slave woman in Genesis, who Chung said was ‘exploited and abandoned by Abraham and Sarah.’ Chung then burned bits of paper bearing the names of other exploited spirits—which she said were full of ‘han,’ the Korean word for anger—and identified them as Holocaust victims, freedom fighters, murdered advocates of non-violence, struggling Korean women, the poor, and women in Japan’s ‘prostitution army’ during World War II. Chung said, ‘I also know that I no longer believe in an omnipotent, Macho, warrior God who rescues all good guys and punishes all bad guys….’”
In that same WCC plenary address, Chung said of the Holy Spirit, “Don’t bother the Spirit by calling her all the time. She is working hard with us.” Eighteen times Chung summoned the spirits of the dead who have suffered injustices in the past. She claimed that “without hearing the cries of these spirits, we cannot hear the voice of the Holy Spirit.” After calling on the spirits of the dead, Chung said, “I hope the presence of all our ancestors’ spirits here with us shall not make you uncomfortable.” It is these very demonic spirits with which the shaman works.
Most of those involved in the environmental movement are anti-Christians who blame the Bible and Christianity for the ecological crises we allegedly face. In their celebrated television series, Joseph Campbell tells Bill Moyers, “The Christian separation of matter and spirit…has really castrated nature. And the European mind, the European life, has been, as it were, emasculated by this separation. The true spirituality, which would have come from the union of matter and spirit, has been killed…” Yet Campbell rejects the greatest “union of matter and spirit” possible: the incarnation of Christ, when God was born into the world and became a man.