Summoned to Rome by Pope Leo X, Luther hesitated long enough for the pope, under pressure from the mounting discontent in Germany, to retract the order. Slightly more than a year after Luther had nailed his Ninety-five Theses to the Wittenberg door, the pope, in an effort at conciliation, officially repudiated many of the extreme claims his indulgence salesmen were making. He admitted that indulgences "forgave neither sins nor guilt" and that his power as pope "was limited to...beseeching God to apply to a dead soul the surplus merits of Christ and the saints." (Will Durant, "Reformation," 348)
There were, of course, no refunds to those who had paid their money in reliance upon previous indulgence dogma nor any explanation as to why the latest pronouncements should be looked upon as any more accurate than those being "corrected." Nor was there any acknowledgement that Scripture (such as Hebrews:9:27: "It is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment") clearly contradicted the idea that the condition of the dead could be changed.