Commentators in the Islamic and Arab worlds have also examined the Saudi role in the September 11 attacks, but unlike their American counterparts, they have looked beyond the tactical elements of terrorism--the recruiting of operatives, the training, the financing, the planning, the acquisition and transfer of weapons and explosives, and so forth. Specifically, they have investigated the root causes of terrorism, zeroing in on the main creed or version of Islam practiced in Saudi Arabia, know as Wahhabism.
Wahhabi Islam, which was established in mid-eighteenth-century Arabia by Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahhab, remains the dominant religious creed in Saudi Arabia. Many regard Wahhabism as a radical and violent departure from the mainstream Islamic tradition. For example, in a Bangladesh newspaper column, the London-based Pakistani Tariq Ali concluded that after the fall of the Taliban in Afghanistan, “the deployments in Pakistan to cut off the tentacles of the Wahhabi octopus may or may not succeed, but its head is safe and sound in Saudi Arabia, guarding the oil-wells and growing new arms, and protected by American soldiers and the USAF base in Dhahran.”
Hatred’s Kingdom pp. 2-3